longwall top coal caving mining

Top Coal Caving Longwall Maximizes Thick Seam Recovery

What is Longwall Top Coal Caving? Due to the inherent operational problems and high costs associated with the multi-slicing longwall method, and the legislative requirement from the central government of a 93% (minimum) recovery rate, LTCC was introduced to the Chinese coal industry in 1982 (based on the European soutirage methods).

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to supply two complete longwall top coal ...

Jul 02, 2014· The longwall top coal caving (LTCC) mining method to be employed at the Eynez East underground coal mine is a special type of longwall mining applicable to seams thicker than 6 …

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Mining Safety of Longwall Top-coal Caving in China

53 Mining Safety of Longwall Top-coal Caving in China Jian Wu, 1 Yueping Qin, 1 and Minghua Zhai1 1China Univ. of Mining and Technology, 011# Xueyuan Road, Haidian Dist, Beijing 100083, P.R. of China; 2Zhangji Coal Mine, Xuzhou Mining Bureau, Xuzhou 221147, Jiangsu Province, P.R of China ABSTRACT Longwall top-coal caving technology has developed rapidly in China, in recent years.

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Longwall Top Coal Caving (LTCC) technology - Yancoal

Yancoal introduced the Longwall Top Coal Caving (LTCC) mining technology to Australia at its Austar mine in 2006. Introduced in France, and further refined in China, top coal caving uses a modified long wall mining system. LTCC allows the ex...

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Longwall Top Coal Caving ~ Mining Engineering Science

May 26, 2017· Longwall top coal caving (LTCC) is a special type of longwall mining applicable to very thick seams (greater than 4.5m) where good quality coal is being left because "conventional" longwall equipment has not yet been designed to operate successfully beyond around 5m mining …

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Longwall Top Coal Caving | Introduction | underground COAL

Longwall Top Coal Caving. Longwall top coal caving (LTCC) is a special type of longwall mining applicable to very thick seams (greater than 4.5m) where good quality coal is being left because "conventional" longwall equipment has not yet been designed to operate successfully beyond around 5m mining …

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Viewpoint Mining Magazine - Longwall Top-Coal Caving

Longwall Top-Coal Caving isn't just an alternative mining technique; it can be the difference between a productive, profitable mine and an unsustainable operation. The technology reduces waste and operating costs, making for a more efficient operation.

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The Principle of Longwall Top Coal Caving (LTCC) - YouTube

Apr 30, 2015· has extensive experience in the design of roof supports for specific mining conditions. Longwall Top Coal Caving (LTCC) roof supports allow mining of seams seams thicker than 6 ...

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| Longwall Automation |

White Paper: Efficient Mining of High Longwall Seams Thru Automation of Longwall Top Coal Caving. Longwall mining is an expensive undertaking – from the preparation of the site to capital investment in the equipment. That is why longwall owners have high performance expectations, especially in tough economic times when commodity prices are low.

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Geotechnical Considerations for Longwall Top Coal Caving ...

2011 Underground Coal Operators' Conference The AusIMM Illawarra Branch 10 – 11 February 2011 29 GEOTECHNICAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR LONGWALL TOP COAL CAVING AT AUSTAR COAL MINE Adrian Moodie1and James Anderson ABSTRACT: Austar Coal Mine has had a long association with difficult strata control conditions associated with depth of mining and a highly jointed/cleated coal …

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Longwall Mining - SlideShare

Apr 30, 2010· Longwall Top Coal Caving (LTCC) Technical Principle Of Top Caving Rock stress 1st pressure Low stress Stress 2nd pressure Compact peak abrupt drop peak stress Pressure curve of top coalseam Fracture 5600 Coal Broken Coal coal goaf caving …

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The Principle of Longwall Top Coal Caving (LTCC) • KC ...

Dec 27, 2018· Longwall Top Coal Caving (LTCC) roof supports allow mining of seams seams thicker than 6 meters (20 feet). Following a conventional cut with a shearer to about 3 m (9.8 ft) the roof supports move forward and allow the caving of the top coal behind the roof supports a second conveyor mounted gob-side.

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Caving mechanisms of loose top-coal in longwall top-coal ...

Today, the top-coal caving longwall mining is the major mining method for thick seam coal mining in China. In the Datong coal district, the annual production is 1.5 million metric tons per panel. The top-coal caving longwall mining has attained outstanding achievements in coal mines with favorable conditions.

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Long wall top coal caving - slideshare.net

Nov 15, 2017· Long wall top coal caving 1. LONGWALL TOP COAL CAVING P SHASHIKANTH 16MT001042 2. LONGWALL TOP COAL CAVING GENERAL INFORMATION • It is the modified method of longwall mining system • Yancoal introduced the Longwall Top Coal Caving (LTCC) mining technology in Australia at its Austar mine in 2006.

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Longwall Top Coal Caving (LTCC) Mining Technology

Not all the coal would be recovered, but recoveries of 75-80% of the full seam in the block are achievable. The system also allows the initial mining height to be reduced to a preferred working height without losing coal. The Top Coal Caving is a Modified Longwall Mining system. Equipment Selection of Longwall Top Coal Caving Mining

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Longwall Top Coal Caving - MiningMonthly.com

INTERNATIONAL Longwall News brings you two detailed reports on the status of longwall top coal caving in Australia. INTERNATIONAL Longwall News brings you two detailed reports on the status of longwall top coal caving in Australia. ... Inconsistent and fluctuating production levels is a constant challenge in the mining industry. Read More. ...

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Longwall mining - Wikipedia

Longwall mining is a form of underground coal mining where a long wall of coal is mined in a single slice (typically 0.6–1.0 m thick). The longwall panel (the block of coal that is being mined) is typically 3–4 km long and 250–400 m wide.

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Evaluation of Mine Scale Longwall Top Coal Caving ...

assigned a uniform height of 3.5m and the top coal was assigned with remaining height of the coal seam. The bottom part was extracted using the normal longwall extraction method. The top coal was extracted in such a way that it mimics the real top coal caving mechanism, i.e. top coals located

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BMA Coal - bhp.com

longwall coal and longwall top coal caving mining at the proposed Red Hill Mine (RHM) longwall project. Two separate scenarios required subsidence predictions as follows: Scenario 1 – "Mitigated Case": In areas not overlain by the Isaac River or significant faults a longwall extraction thickness of 9.6m is modelled based

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Stress analysis of longwall top coal caving - EDEM

Longwall top coal caving (LTCC) is a relatively new method of mining thick coal seams that is currently achieving high productivity and efficiency in application, particularly in China. The technique is similar to traditional longwall mining in that a cutting head slices coal from the lower section of the coal seam onto a conveyor belt […]

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Viewpoint Mining Magazine - Longwall

Longwall Top-Coal Caving: A productive and efficient alternative. Longwall mining is one of the most productive ways to produce coal, but longwall mines have trouble efficiently mining seams higher than 6 m (19.6 ft). Longwall Top-Coal Caving can more than double the resource recovery rate of normal longwall equipment working in high seams.

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longwall top coal caving - Mining Magazine

Longwall top coal caving - Page 1 of 1 LTCC systems for Eynez East This month will deliver the first of two complete longwall mining systems to the Soma...

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Coal Zoom | Longwall Top-Coal Caving: A Productive and ...

Dec 04, 2018· Longwall Top-Coal Caving: A Productive and Efficient Alternative . December 4, 2018 - In the right conditions, longwall mining is one of the safest, most productive and most efficient ways to produce coal. This is owed in part to the high degree of automation employed by modern longwall operations, which keeps shearers and roof supports advancing smoothly and people far from the …

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Overburden Failure and Ground Pressure Behaviour of ...

10 yielding, coal face spalling, strong deformations of goaf-side entry, and severe ground pressure 11 dynamic events typically occur at the longwall top coal caving longwall faces. Based on the Key 12 strata theory an overburden caving model is proposed here to predict the multilayered hard strata 13 behaviour. The proposed model together with ...

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Top Coal Caving | Longwall | underground COAL

equipment for a Longwall Top Coal Caving face. Photo courtesy of Joy Manufacturing Company Pty Ltd A brief description of longwall top coal caving (LTCC) is included at the end of the Longwall section of the Fundamentals of Coal Mining module of this web site.

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Caving mechanisms of loose top-coal in longwall top-coal ...

A good understanding of the caving mechanisms of loose top-coal is significant for longwall top-coal caving (LTCC) mining. In this paper, the equations of the particle motion, top-coal boundary ...

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TOP CAVING – Mining Science and Technology

Longwall Topcoal Caving (TCC) is a method of extraction for underground mining of thick seams. It uses a longwall set-up and natural forces to aid in the winning of coal. With this method of extraction only a single longwall is developed at the foot of the seam. The control of the roof layers at the face is by means of powered supports.

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3D numerical modeling of longwall mining with top-coal caving

Despite being an attractive method due to higher production efficiency and lower development require- ments, longwall mining with the top-coal-caving method imposed significant difficulties in terms of flowing characteristics of coal, timing and rate of coal drawing, loss of coal in the goaf and dilution.

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longwall top coal caving Mining -- HOT mining

Longwall Top Coal Caving (LTCC) is a special designed longwall mining methodfor very thick seams (thickness is more than 4.5m) where good quality coal is being left because "conventiona l" longwall equipment has not yet been designed to operate successfully beyond around 5m mining height. It enables an increased recovery for only an incremental ...

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Longwall top coal caving mining | Zhengyang Song | 1 ...

Longwall top coal caving mining | The theoretical shapes of draw body and interface between top coal and gangue are described by mathematical equations.

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